Club U5B1E1

Political organisation, sorting and coordination on the basis of genetics.
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DanielS
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Club U5B1E1

Postby DanielS » Fri 03 Jun 2016 11:12

Club U5B1E1
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The Peopling of Europe from the Mitochondrial Haplogroup U5 Perspective

It is generally accepted that the most ancient European mitochondrial haplogroup, U5, has evolved essentially in Europe. To resolve the phylogeny of this haplogroup, we completely sequenced 113 mitochondrial genomes (79 U5a and 34 U5b) of central and eastern Europeans (Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, Russians and Belorussians), and reconstructed a detailed phylogenetic tree, that incorporates previously published data. Molecular dating suggests that the coalescence time estimate for the U5 is ∼25–30 thousand years (ky), and ∼16–20 and ∼20–24 ky for its subhaplogroups U5a and U5b, respectively.

Introduction

It has been argued that the most ancient European mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup (hg), U5, arose among the first European settlers in the Upper Paleolithic [1],[2]. Recent molecular dating results suggest that the age of hg U5 oscillates around 36 thousand years (ky), and it has been suggested that any early migration of U5 or its ancestors into Europe might have occurred between ∼55 ky and ∼30 ky ago [3]. There are two U5 subhaplogroups, U5a and U5b, dating back to ∼27 ky each, thus implying that they both originated before the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) [3]. The frequency of hg U5 in modern European populations is on average 7% [1],[4],[5], but recent studies of ancient mtDNA have shown that U5 haplotypes were common among Mesolithic and Neolithic Europeans, especially of central and eastern parts of Europe [6],[7]. For instance, a high incidence of U5 haplotypes (about 65%) has been detected in European hunter-gatherer individuals


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DanielS
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Re: Club U5B1E1

Postby DanielS » Fri 03 Jun 2016 12:03

Club members:

Vilhelmina Justina Julius Andersdotter - Karinainen Finland (-) 1828 (5) Mt: U5b1e1

Olga Josefina Anttila - Turku Finland (-) 1875 (3) Mt: U5b1e1

Brita Ersdotter - Sel, Ramsele (Y) 1789 (5) Mt: U5b1e1

Katarina Ersdotter - Westby, Helgum (Y) 1764 (6) Mt: U5b1e1

Maria Kristina Hekintytär Knaapi - Tarvasjoki Finland (-) 1848 (4) Mt: U5b1e1

Maria Jaakkola Johansdotter - Tarvasjoki Finland (-) 1759 (7) Mt: U5b1e1

Brita Jacobsdotter - Moflo, Ådals-Liden (Y) 1681 (9) Mt: U5b1e1

Anna Märta Jakobsdotter - Löfliden, Helgum (Y) 1849 (3) Mt: U5b1e1

Brita Johansdotter - Vallen, Ramsele (Y) 1744 (7) Mt: U5b1e1

Aina Viola Eleonora Lantz Lilliesköld - Lindersdal, Kvillinge (E) 1915 (1) Mt: U5b1e1

Irja Inkeri Leino - Turku Finland (-) 1915 (2) Mt: U5b1e1

Brita Pärsdotter - Sel, Ramsele (Y) 1719 (8) Mt: U5b1e1

Lisa Siikarla Karlsdotter - Karinainen Finland (-) 1727 (8) Mt: U5b1e1

Elma Eleonora Smått - Westby, Helgum (Y) 1891 (2) Mt: U5b1e1

Catharina Tengström - Westby, Helgum (Y) 1816 (4) Mt: U5b1e1

Rita Tomasdotter - Karinainen Finland (-) ? (9) Mt: U5b1e1

Valborg Wärri Kristiansdotter - Karinainen Finland (-) 1786 (6) Mt: U5b1e1

Swedish Haplogroup Database
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DanielS
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Re: Club U5B1E1

Postby DanielS » Fri 03 Jun 2016 12:45

Haplogroup U5

Among the oldest mtDNA haplogroups found in European remains of Homo sapiens is U5. The age of U5 is estimated at 50,000 but could be as old as 60,500 years. Approximately 11% of total Europeans and 10% of European-Americans are in haplogroup U5.

The presence of haplogroup U5 in Europe pre-dates the expansion of agriculture in Europe. Bryan Sykes' popular book The Seven Daughters of Eve calculated that it arose 45,000-50,000 years ago in the area of Delphi, Greece and named the originator of haplogroup U5 Ursula. However the details related to location and age are speculative. Barbujani and Bertorelle estimate the age of haplogroup U5 as about 52,000 years ago, being the oldest subclade of haplogroup U.[11] Thus, the name 'Ursula' could be applied to the entirety of haplogroup U, as well as U5.

U5 has been found in human remains dating from the Mesolithic in England, Germany, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Russia [12], Sweden [13], and France [14] .

Haplogroup U5 and its subclades U5a and U5b form the highest population concentrations in the far north, in Sami, Finns, and Estonians, but it is spread widely at lower levels throughout Europe. This distribution, and the age of the haplogroup, indicate individuals from this haplogroup were part of the initial expansion tracking the retreat of ice sheets from Europe ~10kya.

Haplogroup U5 is found also in small frequencies and at much lower diversity in the Near East and parts of Africa, suggesting back-migration of people from northern Europe to the south.
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DanielS
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Re: Club U5B1E1

Postby DanielS » Fri 03 Jun 2016 14:50

MTDNA Family Tree

Mother of U5b1e1

U5b1e
Birth Name U5b1e

Gender female

Events

Event Date Place Description Notes Sources
Birth 2000 B.C.E.

Parents

Relation to main person Name Relation within this family (if not by birth)

Mother U5b1+T16189C! +T16192C! (interesting but I don't know why the author of the tree put those exclamation points there)
U5b1e
Sister U5b1h

Birth Name U5b1e1 Gender female

Birth 1000 B.C.E.

Mother U5b1e
U5b1e1

Family of U5b1e1

Children
U5b1e1a

Mutations: A2757G A10283G T12616C
Genbank example: KC257380:
Genbank example: FJ493517:

U5b1e
U5b1e1
U5b1e1a
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DanielS
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Re: Club U5B1E1

Postby DanielS » Fri 03 Jun 2016 16:15


Origins

Haplogroup U descends from a woman in the haplogroup R mtDNA branch of the phylogenetic tree, who is estimated to have lived around 55,000 years ago.[2]

Distribution

Haplogroup U is found in 15% of Indian caste and 8% of Indian tribal populations. Haplogroup U is found in approximately 11% of native Europeans and is held as the oldest maternal haplogroup found in that region. In a 2013 study, all but one of the ancient modern human sequences from Europe belonged to maternal haplogroup U, thus confirming previous findings that haplogroup U was the dominant type of Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in Europe before the spread of agriculture into Europe and the presence and the spread of the Indo-Europeans in Western Europe.

Haplogroup U is subdivided into Haplogroups U1-U9. Haplogroup K is a subclade of U8. The old age has led to a wide distribution of the descendant subgroups across Western Eurasia, North Africa, South Asia. Some subclades of U have a more specific geographic range.
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DanielS
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Re: Club U5B1E1

Postby DanielS » Tue 07 Jun 2016 05:36

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_U_%28mtDNA%29#Haplogroup_U5
U5b arose around 24000 years ago and has polymorphisms in 150 7768 14182 ( + U5 polymorphisms). Found among Siwa Berbers of the Siwa Oasis.[69]

U5b1 arose around 18000 years ago and has polymorphisms in 5656 ( + U5b polymorphisms).

U5b1a has polymorphisms in 5656 15097, 16189 and has lost its polymorphism in 7028 (backmutation) ( + U5b1 polymorphisms).

U5b1b: has been found in Fulbe and Papel people in Guinea-Bissau and Yakuts people of northeastern Siberia.[70][71] It arose around 11000 years ago and has polymorphisms in 12618 16189 ( + U5b1 polymorphisms).

U5b1c has polymorphisms in 5656 15191, 16189, 16311 + U5b1 polymorphisms) and arose about 13,000 years ago

U5b1d has polymorphisms in 5437 5656 and has lost its polymorphism in 16192 (backmutation) ( + U5b1 polymorphisms)

U5b1e has polymorphisms in 152 2757 10283 12616 16189 and has lost its polymorphism in 16192 (backmutation) ( + U5b1 polymorphisms) and arose about 6600 years ago. U5b1e is mainly seen in central Europe among Czechs, Slovaks, Hungarians and southern Russians.
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DanielS
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Re: Club U5B1E1

Postby DanielS » Tue 07 Jun 2016 05:59

Same source.. a bit of a contradiction.. here saying it is about 8,000 years old..
U5b1e is estimated to be about 8,000 years old and we have 14 FMS results mostly found in eastern Europe including Russia, Ukraine, and Slovakia. There is also one each found in Germany, Poland, England, Finland, Norway and the Czech Republic.
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DanielS
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Re: Club U5B1E1

Postby DanielS » Tue 07 Jun 2016 17:49

Oct 21, 2012 ... 16% of the Basque population is haplogroup U5, but the majority of those (65%) are in a single, very rare subclade U5b1. Of the total ..

Dienkes blogspot
http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2012/10/po ... mtdna.html

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