Cheddar Man’s dark skin an example of how mere facticity can be misleading or used to mislead

Posted by DanielS on Thursday, 08 February 2018 00:09.

Scientists have produced a full facial reconstruction of the Cheddar Man; the researchers say that the young man would have had dark complexion along with blue eyes and dark, curly hair (Image: PA)
The recent scientific declaration of the Cheddar Man’s dark skin provides an example of how mere facticity can be misleading, or used to mislead - in this case, taking the contingent particularity of the Cheddar man’s dark skin to distract from the aggregate difference that makes a difference in the broader pattern comprising mutation distinguishing native British.

Mirror, “Face of ‘The First Brit’ known as the Cheddar Man revealed – and he had dark skin

A groundbreaking study reveals the remains found a century ago in Gough’s Cave in Somerset did not belong to a pale-skinned person, as previously thought”, 7 Feb 2018:

This is the face of one of modern Britain’s earliest men – and he had dark skin.

Britain’s oldest complete skeleton, known as Cheddar Man, was unearthed more than a century ago in Gough’s Cave in Somerset.

But an unprecedented examination of his DNA, along with a facial reconstruction of the fossil, shows he would have had a darker complexion than previously thought, along with blue eyes and dark, curly hair.

Previous reconstructions of Cheddar Man, which were not based on DNA data, depicted him with a lighter skin tone. But research by evolution and DNA specialists at the Natural History Museum and University College London suggests the skin colour associated with northern European ancestry is a more recent development.

The research and remodelling process was documented for Channel 4 show The First Brit: Secrets of the 10,000 Year Old Man.

Professor Ian Barnes, research leader at the Natural History Museum, said: “For me, it’s not just the skin colour that’s interesting, it’s that combination of features that make him look not like anyone that you’d see today.

“Not just dark skin and blue eyes, because you can get that combination, but also the face shape.

“So all of this combines together and makes him just not the same as people you see around today.”

Researchers Professor Barnes and Dr Selina Brace extracted DNA data from bone powder by drilling a 2mm hole through the skull’s inner ear bone.

They scanned the skull and a 3D model was produced by “paleo artists” Alfons and Adrie Kennis, who make life-like reconstructions of extinct mammals and early humans.

The twins, who have created reconstructions for museums around the world and usually create models of Neanderthals, spent three months creating Cheddar Man.

“It’s really nice to make a more graceful man, not a heavy-browed Neanderthal. So we were very excited that it was a guy from after the Ice Age. We were very interested in what kind of human he was,” said Alfons.

“With the new DNA information it was really revolutionary. And it allowed us to look more at race, this revealed stuff that we’d never had known before.”

Cheddar Man, thought to have died in his twenties and to have had a relatively good diet, lived in Britain when it was almost completely empty.

Although previous populations had settled in Britain long before his arrival, they were wiped out before him and he marked the start of continuous habitation on the island.

Genetically, he belonged to a group of people known as the “Western Hunter-Gatherers” - Mesolithic-era individuals from Spain, Hungary and Luxembourg.

His ancestors migrated to Europe from the Middle East after the Ice Age and today, 10% of White British people are descended from the group.

Alfons said: “People define themselves by which country they’re from, and they assume their ancestors were just like them. “And then suddenly new research shows that we used to be a totally different people with a different genetic makeup.

“People will be surprised, and maybe it will make immigrants feel a bit more involved in the story. And maybe it gets rid of the idea that you have to look a certain way to be from somewhere. We are all immigrants.”

The First Brit: Secrets of the 10,000 Year Old Man airs on Channel 4 on Sunday February 18.



Comments:


1

Posted by Cheddar Man of Haplogroup U5 on Thu, 08 Feb 2018 00:22 | #

Wikipedia, DNA testing on Cheddar Man:

In 1996, Bryan Sykes of the University of Oxford first sequenced the mitochondrial DNA of Cheddar Man, with DNA extracted from one of Cheddar Man’s molars. Cheddar Man was determined to have belonged to Haplogroup U5, which has also been found in other Mesolithic human remains in Europe. Sykes obtained DNA from the 9,000-year-old Cheddar Man’s tooth and from a 12,000-year-old tooth found from the same cave. Around 10% of Europeans belong to Haplogroup U5. The 1996 results were not subjected to peer review and it was suggested that the sequence was from contaminating modern DNA.

The full genome was extracted from the petrous part of the temporal bone by the Natural History Museum in 2018. The result was compatible with a West European Hunter-Gatherer (WHG) ancestry, including phenotypical traits such as blue eyes, dark skin, dark curly hair as well as lactose intolerance.

There was no link with other skeletons from Gough’s Cave, which are 5,000 years older, but about 10% of people with British ancestry are linked genetically to the Western Hunter Gatherer population to which the Cheddar Man belonged. and the rest derive from more recent Middle Eastern (EEG) and Indo-European (ANE) contributions.

The WHG lineage is derived from the European early modern humans who colonized Europe in the early Upper Paleolithic, who survived in southern European Last Glacial Maximum refugia. Great Britain was re-colonized by the Ahrensburg culture via the Doggerland land bridge after the end of the Younger Dryas glaciation.


2

Posted by Distinctly human behavior a complex trait on Sat, 10 Feb 2018 08:58 | #

...not like skin tone.


3

Posted by "narrative vs science" on Fri, 23 Feb 2018 06:18 | #

Tanstaafl, “Narrative vs Science: Cheddar Man Gaslighting”, 22 Feb 2018:

To sum up: Even relatively subtle racial differences can be objectively detected, even in relatively ancient DNA. The “black Cheddar” narrative is agitprop, a form of psychological warfare.

But is that fact an objective concern (an “objective concern” is practically an oxymoron) or a relative concern to our racial group interests?

And is it wise to contribute to the Jewish abuse of hermeneutics by pitting “narrative” as being opposed to scientific reality rather then being complementary and reinforcing of it?  ...polemicizing between scientific objectivity and narrative is to allow the (((tribe))) to maneuver us away from deploying hermeneutics while we react into a blindering ideology of objectivism instead.

                        - DanielS



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